Cerebral palsy is a physical disorder that, among other things, can cause great difficulty walking and ambulating. But in student-athlete Sean Mitchell's case, he doesn't let cerebral palsy stop him from running track in high school.
In vitro fertilization is a well-known medical procedure used to address infertility. The first so-called "test-tube baby" was born in 1978. Today, in vitro fertilization accounts for thousands of births every year (though these births are just a fraction of all births in the nation). The fertilization process takes place outside of the body, wherein egg cells are injected with sperm; the fertilized egg is then placed in the woman's uterus.
Erb's palsy is a birth injury to an infant's nerves around the shoulder, leading to below-average hand and arm strength in mild cases, to complete paralysis in the most severe cases. Erb's palsy is generally associated with difficult deliveries, often where the baby was stuck in the birth canal, and health care providers failed to provide a timely delivery by C-section.
"Even though people are not forced into it," says the director of the Center for Medical Consumers, "I have no idea how coercive or not the pitch is." By "pitch," director Arthur Levin is referring to early settlement talks in medical malpractice cases, which in New York have been shown to reduce overall payouts made to injured patients.
As Brett Norman reports for Politico, the everlasting heated exchange between the Republicans and the Democrats is likely to cause any further efforts at so-called tort reform to stall out - one side blames trial lawyers for "out-of-control" medical malpractice lawsuits, while the other side blames the profit motive inherent in running an insurance company. A tort reform bill supported by the Republicans is unlikely to pass the Democrat-controlled Senate.
Walter Olson, writing for the Cato Institute, argues that pain and suffering caused by medical malpractice is worth not one single penny. Were it not for what we have today in our civil justice system, Olson argues, pain and suffering wouldn't even enter into the equation, in large part because it's so difficult to measure the value of pain and suffering in any given case.